Mixed Martial Arts
Description of Mixed Martial Arts
The name Mixed Martial Arts is pretty much self-explanatory, as it is derived to call this close combat sport or system made up of acombination of techniques from various styles such as boxing, wrestling, Brazilian jiu-jitsu, kickboxing, taekwondo, Muay Thai, judo, karate and others. It makes use of striking and grappling whether standing up or on the ground. Although it has been recently made popular by the Ultimate Fighting Championship (UFC), mixed martial arts or MMA, as it is more popularly known, can be traced back to the ancient Olympics where it was referred to "Pankration". It was then continued to be practiced in 1900's throughout Europe, Japan and the Pacific ring. In Brazil, Mixed Martial Arts went by the name Vale Tudo meaning "anything goes" and was brought to the United States in 1993 when Uthe UFC was founded. It was the president and CEO of battlecade, Rick Blume who gave the sport the name Mixed Martial Arts in 1995.
The aim of this competition was originally to find the most effective martial arts against opponents in situations of unarmed combat. By and by, the competitors started learning other martial arts and added whatever techniques or styles they found useful and incorporated it in their fighting style. However, to be recognized as a legitimate sport, violence must be decreased to avoid and eliminate the impression of barmarism. Due to the multitude of styles being used in combat, this new sport became quite violent and as such, the UFC decided to regulate it with the implementation of additional rules until it developed to the form of MMA that we see today. The new rules included:
- The implementation of nine weight classes namely:
- Light Heavyweight
- Super Heavyweight
- The use of small, open fingered gloves to allow more techniques using the hands and in the same time reducing injuries
- Time limits
The "stand up" rule wherein the referee can stand fighters up if they are both on the ground and are perceived to be resting or not making any progress to a dominant position
Victory is decided by a decision from the judges after the time limit, a stoppage from the referee or fight doctor, a knockout or submission of either the opponent or his corner.